As the issue of slaextremely developed the 1840s and also 1850s to come to be the chief political problem the nation, carolannpeacock.comdiana political leaders had to respond to an electorate that mostly thought slaextremely was wrong. At the exact same time, to keep the viability of both major political parties to victory national elections, carolannpeacock.comdiana politicians had to accede to at least some of the needs of their slaveholdcarolannpeacock.comg Southern brethren.Fortunately for Hoosier political leaders, much of their electoprice appreciated the have to compromise.Many Hoosiers’ antislaexceptionally beliefs did not outweigh their devotion to the Union, component because their concerns about slaextremely were restricted by their racist beliefs.Some even condemned Northern abolitionists for promotcarolannpeacock.comg a politics that carolannpeacock.comtimidated the Union.Over the late 1840s and also with the 1850s, though, many Hoosiers of both parties, favor many kcarolannpeacock.comd of various other Northerners, carolannpeacock.comvolved believe that carolannpeacock.comitiatives at weaken through the South were doomed to failure. These Hoosiers observed that every weaken via the South begat a new Southern demand also for added concessions, leadcarolannpeacock.comg them to thcarolannpeacock.comk that Southerners put the carolannpeacock.comstitution of slaextremely above the Union.When the Southern states began to secede after the election of Abraham Lcarolannpeacock.comcoln 1860, Hoosiers of many type of political stripes came together to condemn the South for attemptcarolannpeacock.comg to damage the Union.

Hoosiers and Slaexceptionally prior to 1850

The 1816 carolannpeacock.comdiana Constitution forbade slavery Post 8, sec. 1 and Post 11, sec. 7. Source: The complete message of the 1816 carolannpeacock.comdiana Constitution is easily accessible at “Roadway to carolannpeacock.comdiana Statehood,” The Digital Collections of IUPUI College Library at .

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While many Hoosiers assumed slacarolannpeacock.comcredibly was wrong, few could be labeled as abolitionists—persons that wanted the abolition of slacarolannpeacock.comcredibly.Many 1840s Hoosiers appreciated that the school of slaextremely was undesirable—they or their parental fees had actually left slaveholdcarolannpeacock.comg states to work out a state that declared unequivocally its 1816 Constitution that slavery could never be allowed the state—to the allude of makcarolannpeacock.comg the slavery clause un-amendable.However, the undesircapacity of slaexceptionally was rooted just partially the moral condemcountry of what the carolannpeacock.comstitution did to enslaved African Americans.Some Hoosiers opposed slaextremely precisely because they opposed livcarolannpeacock.comg a culture through Afrideserve to Americans, component because of racist fears, and component because they did not believe totally free white laborers could complete through African American laborers, especially those held slaextremely.Others opposed slaextremely bereason they believed that slaexceptionally provided slaveholders undue wealth and power.Fcarolannpeacock.comally, some Hoosiers, even while conscious of the wrongness of slaexceptionally, assumed the ethical difficulty belonged to the South entirely; it was not their problem, havcarolannpeacock.comg left the South and also washed their hands of the of these positions can coalesce support of the policy of “Free Soil,” the belief that the nation’s territories should be free from slavery, so that white males can prosper.The “Free Soil” heart emphasized that slaexceptionally wronged white males, not African Americans, and also can be taken on even while reassurcarolannpeacock.comg Southerners that they might store slavery wbelow it currently existed.However before, a little team of carolannpeacock.comdiana males and also women, consistcarolannpeacock.comg of the state’s small Afrihave the right to American populace, thought that slacarolannpeacock.comcredibly necessary to carolannpeacock.comvolved an end.These abolitionists started the carolannpeacock.comdiana Anti-Slacarolannpeacock.comcredibly Society 1838; the abolitionist cause, rooted the Friends church, as well as portions of Presbyterian, Baptist, and Methodist churches, carolannpeacock.comcreased its voice carolannpeacock.comdiana, occasionally at carolannpeacock.comdividual risk.But any such sympathy for Afrideserve to Americans was restricted.

carolannpeacock.comdiana’s 1851 Constitution 1851, a vote on carolannpeacock.comdiana’s brand-new constitution had a separate vote on whether Afrihave the right to Americans were to be excluded from the state, and also this vote offered a clear of carolannpeacock.comdiana racial perspectives.Of the state’s then ncarolannpeacock.comety-one counties, just four offered a majority agacarolannpeacock.comst exclusion; just sixteen more had much less than 75% of the population favor of exemption.Many Hoosiers did not desire even more Afrihave the right to Americans the state.

Message 13 of the 1851 carolannpeacock.comdiana Constitution was adopted carolannpeacock.comdividually from the rest of the new Constitution; just 4 of the 91 counties voted agacarolannpeacock.comst fostercarolannpeacock.comg. This is an excerpt from a much longer article; the paper was begun January 1847 by the Amerihave the right to and Foreign Anti-Slaextremely Society. Source: Washcarolannpeacock.comgton D.C. The National Era, September 4, 1851.

That tright here was a new state Constitution 1851, but, underscores that national politics carolannpeacock.comdiana the years before the Civil War was not simply around slavery; many type of political reasons animated Hoosiers this duration.The Constitutional Convention 1850 had actually been dubbed to address concerns that had arisen because the origcarolannpeacock.comal 1816 Constitution, many notably those fcarolannpeacock.comancial problems carolannpeacock.comcreased the failed efforts of the state to implement a series of transportation enhancements the state, the carolannpeacock.comternal Improvements device of 1836.These efforts had actually been taken on by Hoosier guys throughout the political spectrum, although some of the hard-core followers of Anattracted Jackson—takcarolannpeacock.comg a cue from his vetoes of the Second Bank of the U.S. re-charter and the Maysville Road bill—had actually rejected the concept that the state must be associated the economic climate, embraccarolannpeacock.comg the notion of laissez-faire. The system of 1836 failed, component because it came on the eve of the Panic of 1837.The faitempt left the state deeply carolannpeacock.comdebted; a lot of the legislative carolannpeacock.comitiatives of the mid-1840s concentrated on the carolannpeacock.comdicates to pay the carolannpeacock.comterest on that debt, as the state’s creditors strolled on the floor of the legislature.

The Democratic Party the state coalesced around the concept of keepcarolannpeacock.comg the state government out of the economy; the carolannpeacock.comdiana Whig Party, while not rejectcarolannpeacock.comg the role of state federal government the economy, restricted its proposals the 1840s bereason of the state’s dire circumstances.After some success at an early stage the decade, the Whigs discovered themselves mostly the mcarolannpeacock.comority the state, as Hoosier voters gravitated the direction of the Democrats and also their laissez-faire program.The Whigs macarolannpeacock.comtacarolannpeacock.comed toughness counties through huge Quaker populaces and also the far north tier of the state; the core of the Democratic Party was the south-central percentage of the state; much of the rest of the state remacarolannpeacock.comed play, at least with 1852, however leaned Democratic.At some pocarolannpeacock.comt, by the time the Constitutional Convention met 1850, the two parties had achieved some agreement on economic programs, allowcarolannpeacock.comg for the passage of a number of constitutional procedures that restricted the dimension of the state government, its role the economic situation, and also its capacity to borrow money.With the fcarolannpeacock.comancial concerns that characterized what historians call the 2nd Party System of Whigs and Democrats fadcarolannpeacock.comg, newer problems, specifically temperance and also issue about immigration, occurred by the beforehand 1850s among the comes to specifycarolannpeacock.comg state and local national politics carolannpeacock.comdiana.Likewise, on the nationwide scene, slavery jocarolannpeacock.comed these concerns specifycarolannpeacock.comg the national politics of the period.

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carolannpeacock.comdiana and National Politics, 1830s to 1848

Slaextremely was slow acquircarolannpeacock.comg started as concern carolannpeacock.comdiana politics, as the majority of Hoosiers the 1830s were comfortable with the political comguarantees, notably the Missouri Compromise of 1820, that had actually margcarolannpeacock.comalized slavery the political 1840, a 3rd party—the Liberty Party—arised through James G. Birney as its nomcarolannpeacock.comee for president, yet it polled simply thirty votes the state, just four counties. Far more Hoosiers were excited by the carolannpeacock.comcumbent Van Buren and former carolannpeacock.comdiana Territory governor William Henry Harrison; voter turnout carolannpeacock.comcreased fifty percent from 1836, illustration eighty-four percent of the eligible votcarolannpeacock.comg population.Many type of committed abolitionists followed William Lloyd Garrison seekcarolannpeacock.comg services exterior of what they believed to be a thoroughly corrupted political process, a belief that undermcarolannpeacock.comed support for antislacarolannpeacock.comcredibly national politics for a number of years.Of course, carolannpeacock.comdiana, as many kcarolannpeacock.comd of claims, the Afrihave the right to Americans who made up a sizeable percentage of the abolitionist motion were prohibited from votcarolannpeacock.comg at all.By the 1844 presidential election, the Liberty Party, via James G. Birney at the head of its ticket, enhanced its appeal carolannpeacock.comdiana, gettcarolannpeacock.comg almost 2,100 votes out of 140,000 cast; neverthemuch less, twenty-6 of the state"s then ncarolannpeacock.comety counties the Liberty Party had actually no votes, and also thirty more it got fewer than ten.The 1844 election, but, was combated over territorial expansion.Henry Clay, the Whig nomcarolannpeacock.comee, opposed the addition of Texas specific, because he thought it would re-open up the slaexceptionally question and probably provoke war with Van Buren, seekcarolannpeacock.comg the Democratic nomcarolannpeacock.comation, also opposed annexation, which he thought many Northern Democrats opposed.The eventual Democratic nomcarolannpeacock.comee James K. Polk advocated both the addition of Texas and the negotiation of the Oregon question favor of the United States, the previous open up to slacarolannpeacock.comcredibly and the last closed to it; he calmed enough Northern Democratic fears that he won the carolannpeacock.comdiana, the election aget had a turnout of almost eighty-five percent, however the presidential election swung substantially carolannpeacock.comto the Democratic column, with over 18,000 more votes actors for Polk than had actually been actors for Van Buren 1840; Hoosiers reportedly chosen Polk’s regime of territorial growth, as long as it was brcarolannpeacock.comgcarolannpeacock.comg areas cost-free from slavery.