MCAT Biology Help » Biology » Systems Biology and Tissue Types » Connective Tconcern and also Epithelium » Connective Tworry Types and Properties
Explanation:

Bone is considered a connective tworry. The hydroxyapatite crystal creates a generous amount of extracellular matrix, helping to attach the cells of the bone. This huge amount of extracellular product is a defining characteristic of connective tissue.

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Nervous tconcern carries electrical impulses with the body. Muscular tworry is associated in contractivity. Epithelium lines the organic lumens and also locations exposed to the exterior atmosphere, including the tracts for respiration, digestion, and excretion. Endothelium lines the tracts that are totally had in the body, namely the circulatory device and also heart chambers.


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Example Concern #1 : Connective Tproblem Types And Properties


Which of the complying with connective tconcerns serves to connect bone to bone?


Possible Answers:

Cartilage


Tendon


Adipose


Ligament


Correct answer:

Ligament


Explanation:

Ligaments serve to connect bone to bone, greatly playing a duty in stcapacity fairly than pressure transduction. Once a tendon has actually pulled on the bone, ligaments administer a system for surrounding bones to follow, permitting for a smooth and also coordinated activity.

Tendons attach skeletal muscle to bone. Cartilage is the main tworry of the ears and also nose, and primarily provides structure or biological cushioning. Adipose is fat tworry, responsible for storing water and also nutrients for extfinished durations.


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Example Question #12 : Connective Tissue And Epithelium


Which of the following connective tworries serves to link skeletal muscle to bone?


Possible Answers:

Ligament


Cartilage


Tendon


Adipose


Correct answer:

Tendon


Explanation:

Tendons connect skeletal muscle to bone. When skeletal muscle contracts and shortens, the tendon pulls the bone in the direction of the muscle contraction to propel movement.

Ligaments serve to connect bone to bone, greatly playing a role in stcapacity fairly than pressure transduction. Cartilage is the major tconcern of the ears and nose, and primarily provides framework or biological cushioning. Adipose is fat tworry, responsible for storing water and nutrients for extfinished periods.


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Example Concern #1 : Connective Tworry Types And Properties


Which of the adhering to is not an example of connective tissue?


Possible Answers:

Bone


Blood


Adipose


Skin


Correct answer:

Skin


Explanation:

Skin is composed of epithelial cells, and also is therefore not an instance of connective tproblem. The major kinds of connective tworry incorporate bone, adipose, blood, and also cartilage. Connective tproblem is responsible for binding and also assistance of other tconcern.

Any tworries can essentially be broken dvery own right into epithelium (or endothelium), muscle tconcern, neural tworry, or connective tproblem.


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Example Concern #1 : Connective Tproblem Types And Properties


Which of the following is a type of connective tissue?


Possible Answers:

Nerves


Skin


Muscles


Blood


Heart


Correct answer:

Blood


Explanation:

Connective tissues are characterized as cells suspfinished in an expansive extracellular matrix. For blood, plasma serves as the matrix that suspends erythrocytes. Other types of connective tproblem incorporate cartilage, bone, and also adipose.

Any sort of muscle, nervous, or epithelial cell is in its very own category, sepaprice from connective tconcern. Skin is a kind of epithelium, and the heart is created of cardiac muscle tconcern.


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Example Concern #1 : Connective Tworry Types And Properties


In what components of the adult humale body would you be many most likely to find chondrin?


Possible Answers:

The ears (pinna) or nose


The skull


Femoral diaphyses


Within haversian canals


Correct answer:

The ears (pinna) or nose


Explanation:

Chondrin is the elastic matrix discovered in cartilaginous connective tconcern. In order to determine where chondrin can be uncovered in the body, we need to determine where in the body we would certainly uncover cartilage.

The ears and also nose are some of the few frameworks on the adult human body that contain cartilage. Other cartilage frameworks incorporate the vertebral discs, public symphysis, menisci in the knees, and most sternocostal joints.

The huguy skull is created by intramembranous ossification, a process in which mesenchymal stem cells form osteoblasts and also ultimately bone. Note that tright here is no cartilage connected in this process. Long bones, such as the femur, are created by the process of endochondral ossification, in which cartilage is converted right into bone. This procedure occurs lengthy before adulthood, yet, and would certainly not be a reasonable answer in this situation. Diaphyses of bones are composed of compact and spongy bone. Haversian canals home blood vessels, nerves, and also lymph within bone.


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Example Concern #19 : Connective Tissue And Epithelium


What is the definition of tissue?


Possible Answers:

Cells that all perform a similar function


A group of cells suspended in a noncellular matrix


Living cells suspfinished in a living or nonliving matrix


Cells that all display screen comparable traits


An arranged arsenal of many kind of types of cells


Correct answer:

Living cells suspfinished in a living or nonliving matrix


Explanation:

Tconcern, by interpretation, is made up of groups of equivalent cells. However, these cells might be suspended in a living, cellular matrix, or in a nonliving, noncellular matrix. For example, muscle tconcern is created of tightly packed cells in an organized matrix; but, blood is comprised of scattered cells in an aqueous plasma matrix. It is necessary to remember that all living components of the body are made totally of tissue, so bone, blood, fat, and so on should fit the definiton of tworry.


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Example Question #1 : Connective Tissue Types And Properties


What are the three forms of cartilage?


Possible Answers:

Hyaline cartilage, juvenile cartilage, and maxillary cartilage


Hyaline cartilage, rigid cartilage, and juvenile cartilage


Fibrocartilage, rigid cartilage, and maxillary cartilage


Maxillary cartilage, formative cartilage, and also elastic cartilage


Elastic cartilage, hyaline cartilage, and fibrocartilage


Correct answer:

Elastic cartilage, hyaline cartilage, and also fibrocartilage


Explanation:

Hyaline cartilage is rigid, glassy in appearance, and also gives cushioning for smooth joints. Fibrocartilage is fibrous and also gives support in high-stress and anxiety locations, such as the pubic symphysis. Elastic cartilage is versatile and also provides up fleshy appenderas, such as the nose and ears. 


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Example Inquiry #1 : Connective Tproblem Types And Properties


What is the indicates through which organisms preserve a constant interior environment in spite of fluctuations in the external environment?


Possible Answers:

Geriatrics


Physiology


Reflexology


Homeostasis


Homeopathy


Correct answer:

Homeostasis


Explanation:

Homeostasis, or "steady-state" physiology, is the device of feedago loops that allows an organism to develop a secure, adaptive environment. For instance, the pancreas and also the brain together work-related to manage the blood sugar levels through the hormones insulin and also glucagon.


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Example Question #1 : Connective Tconcern Types And Properties


What are the four kinds of tissue?


Possible Answers:

Cardiac, connective, sensory, epithelial


Muscular, connective, nervous, epithelial


Muscular, dermal, gastric, epithelial


Sensory, connective, nervous, dermal


Muscular, cardiac, nervous, sensory


Correct answer:

Muscular, connective, nervous, epithelial


Explanation:

The 4 types of tconcern are muscular, connective, nervous, and epithelial.

Muscular tissue encompasses skeletal, cardiac, and also smooth muscle. Nervous tissue creates the main and peripheral nervous systems (CNS, PNS) and is composed of all neurons and also glial cells. Epithelial tconcern renders up "borders" and lines a lot of organs. Connective tconcern primarily fills spaces and provides the suspensory matrices for the body, such as bone, fat, blood, and cartilage.

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