You are watching: Which of the following are results from twin and adoption personality studies?
Identical twins increased apart have equivalent personality traits.Tbelow shows up to be little bit parental affect on adopted children"s personalities.Adopted children"s characters are not comparable to those of the parents who take on and also raise them.The correlations of personality traits in between similar twins are greater than the correlations for fraternal twins.
How deserve to parents have a positive affect on their children"s personalities?picking a great setting to raise the kid inmaking use of great parenting stylesoffering enough parenting for the kid to come to be socializedencouraging the kid to pursue activities he enjoys
selecting an excellent atmosphere to raise the boy ingiving adequate parenting for the son to become socializedencouraging the kid to seek tasks he enjoys
According to cognitive-social theories of personality, how could someone"s interpretations of social cases form her behavior and also personality?One"s ability to set and follow goals—favor striving for intimacy—is an important facet of personality.Observing an additional perchild being pelevated for wearing nice clothing have the right to reason one to have expectations about consequences of looking nice.People"s characters will certainly recognize their behavior throughout many kind of different social situations.Someone"s actions upon getting here at a party is figured out by her perception of the case, her emotional response, her skills, and her expectation of the outcome.
One"s capacity to collection and also follow goals—like striving for intimacy—is a vital element of personality.Observing an additional perchild being praised for wearing nice apparel have the right to reason one to have actually expectations around results of looking nice.Someone"s habits upon arriving at a party is established by her perception of the instance, her emotional response, her skills, and also her expectation of the outcome.
According to cognitive psychologists, what sorts of cognitions would certainly lead to someone having actually a studious personality?placing a high worth on scholastic successan interior locus of controlbeing high in introvariation and emotional stabilitya tendency to be conscientiousa personal construct that the even more one studies, the better one does in schoolthe expectancy that researching will certainly lead to excellent grades
placing a high value on academic successan internal locus of controla personal construct that the even more one research studies, the much better one does in schoolthe span that researching will result in excellent grades
What are the fundamental temperamental layouts figured out by Buss and also Plomin?emotionalitysociabilityopenness to experiencecoscientiousnessactivity level
Which of the following define temperament as opposed to personality traits?stable from the moment we are babiesbasic tendencies to feel or act in a details wayrepresents the natural organic framework of personalitymay be transformed by life experiences
secure from the moment we are babiesgeneral tendencies to feel or act in a particular wayrepresents the natural biological framework of personality
How do our genes have an result on our personalities?One"s tendency to watch many TV or favor jazz has a hereditary basis.Multiple genes connect with our atmosphere to create our dispositions.All of the genes that we have been offered by our parental fees are expressed in our individualities.Specific genes have the right to influence exactly how much TV we watch or how much we choose jazz.
One"s tendency to watch a lot of TV or favor jazz has actually a hereditary basis.Multiple genes interact through our environment to create our dispositions.
What defense mechanism is this an instance of?Billy accoffered his frifinish of being an alcoholic, when in fact, Billy drank eextremely night.
What defense mechanism is this an instance of?Jill explained that she damaged her dormitory"s "no pets" rule because it was too cold for the cat to stay exterior.
What defense device is this an instance of?Dana supplied her credit card to buy garments even though her account was overdrawn and also she had actually no money.
What defense mechanism is this an instance of?Dorothy had no memory of her mother"s fatality which arisen once Dorothy was seven years old.
What defense mechanism is this an instance of?Janet picked fights with Tom and also told others he was a disastrous perchild, but in truth, she was attracted to Tom.
How has actually development played a function in the development of personality traits?Personality traits carry out information concerning mate selection.Groups whose members possess diverse skills have a selective advantage.Humans" personality traits have progressed to the allude wbelow they no much longer have to be shaped by evolution.It has actually been evolutionarily adaptive for nonhumale pets to have actually distinct personality traits.
Personality traits administer indevelopment about mate selection.Groups whose members possess diverse skills have actually a selective benefit.It has actually been evolutionarily adaptive for nonhuguy pets to have distinct personality traits.
What perform research findings reveal about pet personality traits compared to human personality traits?The trait of control is just found in monkeys and in people.The trait of carefulness is just discovered in monkeys and also in humans.The trait of emotionality is found in nonhuguy and also humale species.The trait of extravariation is discovered in nonhuman and also human species.Only humans show personality traits.Only monkeys and people display screen personality traits.
The trait of control is only found in monkeys and also in humans.The trait of carefulness is only uncovered in chimpanzees and in humans.The trait of emotionality is found in nonhuguy and humale species.The trait of extravariation is uncovered in nonhuman and huguy species.
To what extent execute at an early stage childhood temperaments predict adult personality?Inhibited babies are extremely most likely to sheight being shy later in childhood.Childhood temperaments persist right into adulthood.Socially inhibited kids are even more likely to become anxious and also depressed, have much less social assistance, and also be unemployed as adults.It is possible to predict whether a 6-week-old baby will certainly be shy as a teenager based upon the baby"s reactions to new situations.
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Childhood temperaments persist into adulthood.Socially inhibited kids are more likely to end up being anxious and also depressed, have less social assistance, and also be unemployed as adults.It is feasible to predict whether a 6-week-old baby will be shy as a teenager based upon the baby"s reactions to brand-new instances.
According to Carl Rogers"s person-centered strategy, which of the adhering to would certainly cause someone to have healthy and balanced self-esteem?a supportive and also accepting therapeutic environmentparental fees who sell unconditional positive regardhigh expectations set and also imposed by parentsbeing increased through problems of worthno discrepancy in between her feeling of self and also just how she believes others perceive her
a supportive and accepting therapeutic environmentparents who offer unconditional positive regardno discrepancy between her sense of self and also just how she believes others perceive her
How perform introverts differ from extraverts?distracted by noisy environmentschronically underarousedmore sensitive to stimuli including sourness and also painpercreate much better in noisy settingstypically above optimal level of arousalimpulsively look for out brand-new emotional experiences
distracted by noisy environmentsmore sensitive to stimuli consisting of sourness and paintypically over optimal level of arousal
Jeffrey Gray proposed that personality is a result of the motivational units in our brains that reason us to seek reward and prevent punishment.Distinguish between the behavior strategy device and the behavioral inhibition system.linked to anxietyseeking pleacertain and also rewardsattached to neuroticismlinked to extraversionpreventing to danger or painexperiencing positive emotionssuffering negative emotions
BASseeking pleacertain and rewardsconnected to extraversionexperiencing positive emotionsBISattached to anxietyattached to neuroticismpreventing to hazard or painsuffering negative emotions