How do you say that tright here is a thing (e.g.: Restaurant ) in a details location (e.g.: My town)? Is there a formula for this?

If someone were to ask me if tright here was a restaurant in my city they would say あなたの町に日本のレストランがありますか。

They would usage the pshort article が yet in my answer execute I use は? And does that need to be in the beginning of the phrase or can I put it after the place (に particle)?



For "Tright here is a restaurant in my city", I"d say:



(" restaurant" have the right to likewise be 日本食の<店>みせ、<日本料理>にほんりょうりのレストラン、日本料理の<店>みせ、<日本料理店>にほんりょうりてん、<和食>わしょくの<店>みせ、和食のレストラン, and so on.)

For "Is tright here a restaurant in your town?", I"d say:



Addressing this comment:

When asked 「あなたの町には何がありますか?」(What"s in your town?), you"d reply:



This is literally like "As for my tvery own, a restaurant is tbelow."Use the topical は for old/known/provided information, and が for new/essential information.

You are watching: There is in japanese

When asked 「和食のレストランはどこにありますか?」(Where"s a restaurant?), you"d reply:



This is literally prefer "As for a restaurant, there"s one in my tvery own."Use the topical は for old/known/offered information. 

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edited Apr 13 "17 at 12:43

answered Feb 14 "17 at 4:19

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Yes, tbelow are formulae.

First of all, you have to understand also that は is a topic pwrite-up and ppost が emphasis on what comes before it.

Formula 1: Noun は Place に あります.Example : アメリカのレストラン は どこ に ありますか?

Formula 2: Place には Noun が あります.Example : 東京 には アメリカのレストラン が あります.

Usage of formula 1 and 2:

If a specific place is the topic >> use formula 2 (東京 には ~)If noun (you wanna talk about) is the topic >> use formula 1 (アメリカのレストラン は ~ )

Take a look at Using area words through Subject/topic markers"Objects have the right to additionally be the topic of a sentence (には, では, へは), yet objects can"t be the subject of a sentence"

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edited Jun 17 "20 at 8:18

answered Feb 14 "17 at 0:42
Hassan TareqHassan Tareq
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