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In our critical lesson, us learned how to convert in between U.S. Customary systems of measurement. In this lesson, we will learn exactly how to convert in between metric units of measurement. Most human being in the U.S. Space not familiar with the metric system. This have the right to make metric conversion a bit complicated at first. Once the terminology is learned, the process becomes a bit simpler.
|deci||1/10 or 0.1|
|centi||1/100 or 0.01|
|milli||1/1000 or 0.001|
Metric Prefix ChartWe have the right to use a prefix chart to make metric conversion very simple. As soon as we adjust between metric units, we are basically just multiplying or splitting by the ideal power of 10. Every time we move right top top the prefix chart we are dividing by 10 and also each time we relocate left we space multiplying by 10. The prefix chart enables us to complement the activity on the chart v the motion of the decimal point in the number. Let"s look in ~ a sample prefix chart:
King Henry passed away Unexpectedly Drinking chocolate Milkgenerally we use "King Henry passed away Unexpectedly Drinking chocolate Milk" to remember the prefix chart: King » kiloHenry » hectoDied » dekaUnexpectedly » unit (gram, meter, liter)Drinking » deciChocolate » centiMilk » milli In our over example, we went from 6000 grams come kilograms. We would recognize kilo and our straightforward unit gram top top the prefix chart:
because we are moving from the basic unit (gram) to kilogram, we will certainly be separating by 1000 or relocating 3 places left on our prefix chart:
as soon as we match this activity in ours number 6000, we end up with 6. This is just how we quickly adjust between 6000 grams and 6 kilograms. Let"s look at at part examples. Example 1: change 47 centimeters to hectometers. Let"s look at our metric prefix chart:
We can see that relocating from centi come hecto on ours prefix chart offers us a activity of 4 devices left. Us will match this motion with our number: 47. » 0.0047 47 centimeters=0.0047 hectometers. Example 2: adjust 3.905 dekaliters come deciliters. Let"s look in ~ our metric prefix chart:
We have the right to see that relocating from deka to deci on our prefix chart offers us a motion of 2 systems right. Us will complement this motion with our number: 3.905 » 390.5 3.905 dekaliters=390.5 deciliters instance 3: readjust 0.591 kilograms to centigrams.
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Let"s look in ~ our metric prefix chart:
We can see that moving from kilo come centi on our prefix chart offers us a movement of 5 devices right. Us will complement this motion with ours number: 0.591 » 59,100 0.591 kilograms=59,100 centigrams skills Check: